The 5 themes were created in 1984 by the National Council for Geographic Education. In recent years, the focus on these themes has become less, however, they are still important in teaching Geography.
1. Location can be absolute or relative. Absolute location is definite, like your street address or where you are in degrees latitude and longitude. A GPS gives absolute location. Relative location is a place in respect to areas around it. You might live in the city of Medford, on the west side.
2. Place describes the human and physical characteristics of a location.
3. Human-environmental Interaction is how people relate to the land, usually with positive and negative effects on the environment.
4. Movement is generally, movement and migration across the world.
5. Region divides the world into smaller, more manageable areas. An example would be that we live in the Midwest, or we live in central Wisconsin.